History of the Roman Missal
The Roman Missal contains the approved prayers and texts for the Roman Rite in the Catholic Church. The Missal has a long history that dates back to the Middle Ages. The Missal combined several individual liturgical books: the Sacramentary for use by the priest, a book with Scripture readings for use by the deacon, and a book of antiphons for the choir to sing.
In 1570, Pius V, whose pontificate occurred after the Council of Trent (1545-1563), promulgated the Missal that became obligatory for use throughout the Latin Church with the exception of regions with rites at least 200 years old (the Mozarabic Rite, the Ambrosian Rite, etc.). This Mass is now referred to as the Tridentine Mass, Traditional Latin Mass, or, after Pope Benedict XVI's 2007 Summorum Pontificum, the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite.
Even the Missal of Pius V has been edited over the centuries. In fact, the first editions of the Tridentine Missal were promulgated in 1604, only 34 years after its first publication! The editing continued until the Second Vatican Council; the last Missal of the Extraordinary Form was promulgated in 1962. Since Trent, the following editions of the Missal have been published:
The most dramatic changes to the Mass occurred after the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). The first edition of the Roman Missal that hoped to reflect the Council's Sacrosanctem Concilium was promulgated by Paul VI in 1969. The second edition of this Missal was released in 1975. The third and most recent edition of the Roman Missal was promulgated in 2002.
Each Missal that is promulgated is released in Latin, the official language of the Church. Various groups are responsible for providing accurate and liturgically-worthy translations of the Missal. The English translation of the third edition is done by Vox Clara under guidelines established in Liturgiam Authenticam.
The first use of the third edition of the Roman Missal in the United States will occur on the First Sunday of Advent 2011 (Sunday, November 27, 2011). Many people are concerned about the changes presented in this Missal. The Diocese of Austin and our parish will provide catechesis and guidance so that everyone, priests, deacons, and lay ministers, can understand the same Mass (different words, deeper meaning).